Non-Coronary Intervention in Chennai

Non-Coronary Intervention in Chennai
Table of Contents

In recent years, non-coronary intervention in Chennai increasingly emerged as the best treatment option for structural heart disease in patients with prohibitive or high surgical risk. Although percutaneous interventional procedures involve the coronary arteries, non-coronary transcatheter cardiac procedures are mainly encountered in elderly people for their major developments.

Procedures of Non-Coronary Intervention

The procedures treated by the best interventional cardiologist in Chennai include the following:

Left Atrial Appendage Closure (LAA closure)

Left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) is a procedure, whether minimally invasive or surgical, that aims to seal off the left atrial appendage (LAA). The LAA is a small sac situated in the muscle wall of the left atrium, which is the top left chamber of the heart. By either removing or closing off the LAA, LAAC eliminates the need for blood-thinning medication besides reducing the risk of stroke.

Who needs it? If you are prone to risk of developing blood clots in the left atrial appendage/ left atrium your healthcare provider may recommend this non-coronary intervention in Chennai procedure to seal off the LAA. It is also an option for the patients who are unable to take blood-thinning medications to prevent blood clots which are caused by atrial fibrillation. 

Procedure:  During surgery for valve disease or coronary artery disease, the heart specialist in Chennai will remove the left atrial appendage and sew the closed area. They may staple it as this is a surgical left atrial appendage closure. In a minimally non-coronary intervention approach, they can use a catheter to insert a special device to block or close the left atrial appendage.

These devices act as a plug in the left atrial appendage’s opening to the left atrium and keep it from releasing clots.

Paravalvular Regurgitation Closure

Paravalvular leak (PVL) closure in the non-coronary intervention is a non-surgical treatment to repair heart valve leaks that may occur after valve replacement. The best interventional cardiologist in Chennai uses this treatment to repair leaks instead of performing any other surgery. Repeat surgery poses a higher risk to heart disease patients.

Who needs it?  A person who has had multiple surgeries to replace a valve can benefit from a leak closure.

On the other hand, a person who is being treated for endocarditis experiences the severe backward flow of blood, has severe calcification or calcium deposits on the ring around the valve annulus, has shortness of breath or dyspnoea, and shearing blood cells from the leakage or hemolytic anemia can undergo this type of non-coronary intervention in Chennai.

Procedure: The patient will be given local anesthesia and medications before the procedure. Then the heart specialist in Chennai will insert a catheter into the femoral artery in the groin to the appropriate chamber of the heart. Then a closure device is placed to plug the leak using a special catheter. Unlike traditional surgery, this may not involve making an incision on the chest.

Non Coronary Intervention in Chennai |  Dr. M. Kathiresan

Peripheral Interventions – Lower Limb /Diabetic Foot Disease

Peripheral intervention is an accumulation of plaque (cholesterol and fats) in the arteries in the legs or arms. This makes it harder for the blood to carry nutrients and oxygen to the tissues in those areas. This long-term disease can be improved by eating less fat, exercising, and giving up tobacco products.

Who needs it? If anyone experiences burning or aching pain in the feet and toes especially at night while resting or lying flat, experience cool skin on the feet, have redness or color change in the skin, frequent infections and foot and toe sores that don’t heal. 

The patient can approach a heart specialist in Chennai to get prompt treatment else it would lead to complications like heart attack, stroke, renal artery disease or stenosis, etc. 

Procedure: There are various procedures that are treated if a patient experiences severe pain or limited mobility. Some of them include:

  • Balloon Angioplasty – The best interventional cardiologist in Chennai will pass a miniature balloon through the catheter into the arteries. When the balloon expands, the inside of the artery pushes against the plaque and opens up space in the interior of the artery.
  • Stents – In this non-coronary intervention in Chennai, tiny metal support coils are inserted into the arteries through catheters to expand against the inner blood vessel wall to support and hold it open.
  • Peripheral Artery Bypass Surgery – Similar to a heart bypass, the best non-coronary interventionist in Chennai uses a section of the healthy vein to create a bypass for blood flow in the leg artery around the blocked area. 
  • Atherectomy – In this procedure of non-coronary intervention in Chennai, a catheter with a blade is inserted at the end to remove plaque build-up in the blood vessel.

Single Chamber Pacemaker

This type of pacemaker has a lead connecting the pulse generator to one chamber of the heart. This is used to control heartbeat pacing to connect the lead to the right ventricle. Depending on the symptoms and the type of pacing, lead is connected to the right atrium to stimulate the pacing in that chamber.

Who needs it? A single-chamber pacemaker with one lead is placed within the lower chamber/ ventricle of the heart. These pacemakers used during the non-coronary intervention in Chennai are to treat bradycardia and atrial fibrillation which is associated with bradycardia (abnormally slow heartbeat).

Dual Chamber Pacemaker

This type of pacemaker is used during the non-coronary intervention in Chennai.  This device connects both the chambers on the right side of the heart, the right ventricle, and the right atrium. The heart specialist in Chennai programs the dual-chamber pacemaker for regulating the pace of contractions of both chambers.

It helps two chambers work together, by contracting and relaxing in the proper rhythm. The contractions will allow a proper flow of blood from the right atrium into the right ventricle.

Who needs it? A dual chamber pacemaker, consisting of two leads, is implanted in the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart. This type of pacemaker operates similarly to a single-chamber pacemaker and is utilized for treating bradycardia and atrial fibrillation by regulating the pace of contractions in both chambers of the heart.

Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair (TEVAR/EVAR)

This is a minimally invasive non-coronary intervention in Chennai that is used to manage abdominal aortic aneurysms. The largest artery to carry blood from your heart to other parts of the body is the aorta. For abdominal aortic aneurysms, EVAR uses sophisticated instruments and small punctures to repair bulges in blood vessels (aneurysms) located there.

Who needs it? The best interventional cardiologist in Chennai may consider EVAR if you have a smaller or larger aneurysm that’s growing quickly, do not qualify for open-heart surgery with a large incision, and have healthy blood vessel tissue near the aneurysm.

Procedure:  The doctor used the femoral arteries, to access the abdominal aortic aneurysm in the belly for this type of non-coronary intervention procedure. Needles are inserted through underlying soft tissue and skin and into the femoral arteries. Then a catheter is inserted to guide through arteries to reach the aneurysm.

When the catheter reaches the aneurysm, the stent graft is opened to expand and becomes a new, stable path for proper blood flow. The graft’s wireframe forms a tight seal to keep the graft in place and prevents blood from entering your aneurysm. Then the catheter is removed.

Benefits of Non-Coronary Intervention

Non-coronary intervention in Chennai can provide several benefits for patients with various cardiac conditions. Here are some of the benefits of non-coronary interventions in the field of cardiology:

Reduced Symptoms

These interventions can significantly reduce symptoms in patients with heart conditions. For example, a pacemaker can be implanted to regulate a slow heartbeat, while an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) can be implanted to treat an irregular heartbeat.

Prevention of Stroke

Some non-coronary intervention in Chennai can help prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, a condition that can lead to blood clots in the heart. For example, a procedure called left atrial appendage closure can be done to prevent blood clots from forming in the heart and traveling to the brain, reducing the risk of stroke.

Improved Heart Function

The procedure of non-coronary intervention can improve heart function in patients with heart failure, a condition in which the heart is not able to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. For example, cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) can be used to improve the coordination of the heart’s pumping action, improving heart function and reducing symptoms.

Treatment of Valvular Heart Disease

These interventions can be used to treat valvular heart disease, a condition in which the valves of the heart do not work properly. For example, a procedure called Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) can be done to replace a damaged or diseased aortic valve, reducing symptoms and improving quality of life.

Reduced Need for Surgery

In some cases, non-coronary intervention in Chennai can reduce the need for surgery. For example, a procedure called percutaneous closure can be done to close a hole in the heart without the need for open-heart surgery.

Precautionary Measures

In some cases, non-coronary intervention in Chennai can reduce the need for surgery. For example, a procedure called percutaneous closure can be done to close a hole in the heart without the need for open-heart surgery.

Risks & Side Effects of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Like any medical procedure, PCI carries some risks and potential side effects, which patients should be aware of before undergoing the procedure. Here are some of the most common risks and side effects associated with non-coronary intervention in Chennai:

  • Bleeding: PCI involves puncturing the artery in the groin or wrist to access the heart. This can sometimes lead to bleeding, which can range from mild to severe. In rare cases, bleeding may require a blood transfusion or surgery to stop.
  • Infection: There is a small risk of infection at the incision site where the catheter is inserted. Signs of infection may include redness, swelling, and pain at the site, as well as fever and chills.
  • Kidney damage: The contrast dye used during the procedure can sometimes damage the kidneys, particularly in patients with pre-existing kidney disease. This risk is higher in patients who receive a large amount of contrast dye or who have other risk factors for kidney damage.
  • Blood clots: PCI can sometimes cause blood clots to form in the artery, which can block blood flow to the heart and cause a heart attack. This risk can be reduced by taking blood-thinning medications before and after the procedure.
  • Allergic reactions: Some patients may be allergic to the contrast dye used during the procedure of non-coronary intervention in Chennai which can cause symptoms such as hives, itching, and difficulty breathing. Patients with a known allergy to contrast dye may receive a different type of dye or undergo a different imaging test instead of PCI.
  • Arrhythmias: During PCI, the heart may go into an abnormal rhythm, which can cause symptoms such as palpitations, dizziness, and shortness of breath. In most cases, these arrhythmias are temporary and do not require treatment.
  • Restenosis: In some cases, the artery may narrow again after the procedure, a condition known as restenosis. This may require additional treatment, such as another PCI or coronary artery bypass surgery.

It’s important for patients to discuss the risks and potential side effects of PCI with their doctor before deciding to undergo the procedure. While the risks are relatively low, they should be weighed against the potential benefits of improved blood flow and reduced symptoms of CAD. Patients should also be aware that the risks may vary depending on their individual health status and the specific details of the procedure.

Here are some general precautionary measures that patients should follow:

  • Follow discharge instructions provided by the healthcare provider.
  • Take all medications as prescribed and do not stop or change them without consulting the healthcare provider.
  • Monitor for signs of infection such as fever, redness, swelling, or drainage at the incision site.
  • Monitor for signs of bleeding such as increased bruising, bleeding from the incision site, or blood in the urine or stool.
  • Avoid strenuous activity, heavy lifting, or exercise until cleared by the healthcare provider.
  • Follow a heart-healthy diet that is low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and salt.
  • Avoid alcohol and tobacco products which can increase the risk of heart disease.
  • Attend all follow-up appointments with the healthcare provider to monitor progress and adjust the treatment plan as needed.

Advanced & Super Specialized Cardiology Treatments

Non-Coronary Intervention, a cutting-edge cardiology treatment in Chennai, extends beyond traditional coronary procedures. It encompasses interventions in various cardiac structures and vessels, excluding the coronary arteries. This super-specialized approach addresses complex cardiac conditions with precision, offering patients advanced therapeutic options.

Non-Coronary Intervention techniques may involve the aorta, pulmonary arteries, and peripheral vascular structures, expanding the scope of cardiological interventions for comprehensive patient care. Trust the expertise of Chennai’s renowned cardiology specialists for advanced and tailored treatments.

Recovery Period

The recovery period after a non-coronary intervention in Chennai varies depending on the procedure performed and the patient’s condition. Patients usually stay in the hospital for a few days after the procedure and are monitored for potential complications.

Non-Coronary Intervention in Chennai

When it comes to prioritizing your heart health, selecting the appropriate non-coronary intervention in Chennai is crucial. Non-coronary interventions refer to medical procedures and treatments that are not directly related to the coronary arteries. To ensure optimal care and outcomes, it is essential to choose the right intervention tailored to your specific heart health needs.

In Chennai, a hub of advanced medical facilities, you have access to a range of non-coronary interventions. These interventions may include treatments such as valve repair or replacement, cardiac rhythm management, structural heart repairs, and other minimally invasive procedures.

To make an informed decision, it is recommended to consult with a qualified cardiologist or cardiac specialist. They will assess your medical history, perform necessary diagnostic tests, and evaluate your condition comprehensively. Based on their evaluation, they can provide expert guidance and recommend the most suitable non-coronary intervention to address your heart health needs effectively.

Remember, each individual’s heart health requirements are unique, so personalized attention and careful consideration are crucial in selecting the right non-coronary intervention in Chennai. By partnering with a trusted healthcare professional and being actively involved in the decision-making process, you can take significant strides towards improving your heart health and overall well-being.


To summarize, heart problems might make a patient stressed, anxious, or scared. You can approach Dr. M. Kathiresan at MK Heart Clinic for the non-coronary intervention in Chennai as he can help you by understanding your situation and discussing the best treatment options to aid you lead a healthy lifestyle.

Read also Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Chennai.

Frequently Asked Questions

EECP (Enhanced External Counterpulsation) and bypass surgery are two different non-coronary intervention in Chennai. While both can be effective in improving blood flow to the heart, bypass surgery is generally considered to be a more invasive and higher-risk procedure, while EECP is non-invasive and low-risk. The effectiveness of each treatment depends on the patient’s specific case.

There is no specific age limit for EECP (Enhanced External Counter pulsation) as a treatment for coronary artery disease. This non-coronary intervention in Chennai is generally considered to be safe for most patients, but it is important to consult with a healthcare provider to determine if it is a suitable treatment option based on the patient’s individual health and medical history.

EECP (Enhanced External Counter pulsation) is typically recommended non-coronary intervention in Chennai for patients with stable angina, heart failure, or coronary artery disease who have not responded well to other treatments or who are not suitable candidates for invasive procedures such as angioplasty or bypass surgery. Eligibility for EECP will depend on the patient’s specific medical condition.