The heart consists of four chambers namely two atria (upper chambers) and two ventricles (lower chambers). There is a valve which aids in passing of blood before leaving each chamber of the heart. The four valves include: pulmonary valve, tricuspid valve, mitral valve and aortic valve. These valves are actual flaps which are located on each end of the two ventricles where one inlet the blood and other outlets the blood.
In rare cases, one or more valves fail to function to open and close properly, the heart effects can be serious, possibly it hampers the heart’s ability to pump enough blood through the body. This is where percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai is performed depending on the diseased or damaged valve.
What is Heart Valve Disease?
Heart valve disease is where one or more of the valves in the heart doesn’t function properly. It can develop both stenosis (narrowing of the valve) and regurgitation (leakage of the valve) at the same time. Also, more than one heart valve may get affected at the same time. Heart valve problems can be one of the major causes of heart failure.
What are the Symptoms of Heart Valve disease?
There are not many symptoms for mild to moderate heart valve disease. But some of the most common symptoms which would require a heart patient to undergo percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai include:
2. Chest pain
4. Shortness of breath
6. Low or high blood pressure
7. Abdominal pain
8. Swelling in the legs
9. Whooshing sound
10. Irregular heartbeat
If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, it may look like other medical problems but for a safer side it is always important to check with a doctor for diagnosis.
Why Percutaneous Valve Procedures are performed?
When one of the heart valves is severely damaged or no longer works properly, it should be repaired or replaced. There are certain valve repair and replacement procedures which can be done without surgery. Usually, the percutaneous value therapy in Chennai is performed using a tube called a catheter.
During the percutaneous valve procedure, the catheter is inserted under the skin into a blood vessel which is known as percutaneous or endovascular access and is guided through to the heart.
The heart valve procedures like valvuloplasty, are almost always done by catheter. In most cases, percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai is performed as an alternative to established surgical options. This minimally invasive procedure is useful for treating patients who cannot undergo the surgical procedure, or who have had surgery that failed.
Also, it is beneficial for patients with serious heart valve diseases or those with other major coexisting conditions (comorbidities) precluding open surgery.
Conditions Treated in Percutaneous Valve Therapy
A patient will be required to undergo the percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai when he/she has the following conditions that include:
- Aortic Valve Disease
- Aortic Valve Stenosis
- Aortic Valve Regurgitation
- Mitral Valve Disease
- Mitral Valve Stenosis
- Mitral Valve Prolapse
- Mitral Valve Regurgitation
- Heart Valve Disease
- Tricuspid Valve Disease
- Tricuspid Valve Stenosis
- Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation
The treatment options of patients who are supposed to undergo percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai varies depending on the age, type of heart condition and severity of the disease.
It is always better to consult with the cardiologist in the best heart hospital like MK Heart Clinic in Chennai as he will explain to you regarding the treatment procedures and inform you which would suit the best based on your heart condition for a successful outcome.
Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Replacement
The pulmonary valve lies between the lower right heart chamber (right ventricle) and the pulmonary artery. A diseased pulmonary valve interrupts blood flow from the heart to the lungs. Transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement is a treatment option for percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai because it can help improve blood flow and reduce symptoms of heart valve disease by treating a diseased or damaged pulmonary valve.
During the TPVR procedure, your cardiologist will insert a catheter in your groin into the femoral artery. It guides the pulmonary valve using advanced imaging techniques. Then a compressed heart valve is placed on the catheter and positioned inside the prosthetic pulmonary valve.
This percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai removes the catheter in the blood vessel and aids in expanding the valve to secure it in place and improves the symptoms related to pulmonary valve disease.
Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Replacement
The tricuspid valve separates the upper right chamber, the upper (right atrium) and lower right heart chambers (right ventricle). A diseased or damaged tricuspid valve may interfere with the proper direction of blood flow. Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Replacement is a percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai which is performed as open-heart surgery or as a minimally invasive heart surgery to improve blood flow and reduce symptoms of heart valve disease.
During this percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai, a heart-lung bypass machine is used to keep your blood pumping through your entire body. The cardiac surgeon will make several incisions in your chest to repair and replace the tricuspid valve along with the other heart conditions. Then the bypass machine is removed and incisions are closed after ensuring that the heart function is proper.
Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement
The mitral valve is present between the left chambers of the heart namely the left atrium and left ventricle. Transcatheter mitral valve replacement is performed to fix or replace a leaky and stiff mitral valve. This specific percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai is performed depending on the severity of the mitral valve disease and whether it’s getting worse.
During the TMVR procedure, your cardiologist will insert a catheter in your groin into the femoral artery. It uses advanced imaging with a catheter to guide the mitral valve. Then a compressed heart valve is placed on the catheter and positioned inside the mitral valve.
This percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai removes the catheter in the blood vessel and aids in expanding the valve to secure it in place and improves the symptoms related to mitral valve disease.
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
The aortic valve is located between the (left ventricle) left lower heart chamber and (aorta)the body’s main artery. If the aortic valve doesn’t open correctly, the flow of blood from the heart to the body gets reduced. This is where the percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai, the transcatheter aortic valve replacement is performed to replace a thickened aortic valve that can’t fully open.
During this procedure, your cardiologist will insert a catheter in your groin into the femoral artery. It uses advanced imaging with a catheter to guide the aorta. Then a compressed biological heart valve is placed on the catheter positing it inside the diseased aortic valve. Then the catheter in the blood vessel is removed to expand the valve to secure it in place after this percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai.
If you or anyone who is in need of percutaneous valve therapy in Chennai, you can approach MK Heart Clinic as this best heart clinic in Chennai have highly experience team of cardiovascular surgeons and interventional cardiologists who are specialized in performing these minimally invasive procedures with the most extensive catheterization facilities.
Read also Best Foods for A Healthy Heart.