Cardiothoracic surgery is the speciality which involves the treatment of diseases that affect the organs within the thorax (the chest), principally the oesophagus, heart, and lungs. Within the distinctiveness of cardiothoracic surgery, there are other specific specialties like children’s cardiac surgery, adult cardiac surgery, congenital heart surgery, general thoracic surgery, and heart and lung transplant surgery.
If you have a heart disease or disorder that puts you at risk, you will likely need to see the best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai at some point in your life because he/she would diagnose you to analyse your condition and would be able to provide the cutting-edge treatments for it to help you restore to a better life.
Who is a Cardiothoracic Surgeon?
A cardiothoracic surgeon is a medical doctor who specializes in the surgical treatment inside the thorax (the chest). It involves conditions of the lungs, heart, oesophagus, and other organs in the chest.
Moreover, the cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai is also trained in performing surgical procedures on the chest, such as heart transplantation or mediastinal tumour removal under general anaesthesia in order to detect, diagnose, and treat cardiac-related diseases.
The majority of cardiothoracic surgeons work in hospitals, but some may also work in private practices.
What Does a Cardiothoracic Surgeon Do?
A cardiothoracic surgeon plays a vital role within the healthcare team. They operate on diseases or conditions that occur inside the organs of the chest besides the bony structures and tissues forming the chest cavity.
The best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai can treat any condition, disease, or injury that requires surgery to correct or repair. This can also include anything relating to trauma and the common conditions of the heart.
Some of the most common conditions performed by the best cardiac surgeon in Chennai include a variety of procedures that include:
1. Heart transplantation
2. Bypass surgery
3. Heart valve replacement
4. Heart failure
5. Arrhythmias: Heart rhythm disorders
6. Congenital defects
7. Coronary artery disease
8. Aneurysms or abnormal enlargement of the large arteries in the chest
9. Atrial Fibrillation
What are the Reasons to Visit the Cardiothoracic Surgeon?
A person who is in need of a cardiothoracic surgery can visit the best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai due to the following situations:
1. Typically, if the heart patient is a Chennaite, he or she will be asked to see the best cardiologist in Chennai if only the healthcare provider recommends it.
2. If the patient has a family history of cardiovascular diseases, especially the diseases that affect the chest(thorax) , seeking the best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai may help.
3. If he/she has symptoms that cause discomfort or inconvenience such asshortness of breath, chest pain, chest tightness, exhaustion, high or low blood pressure, diabetes, inborn heart diseases, swollen gums, preeclampsia, palpitations, dizziness, and excessive sweating.
You may have to approach for comprehensive care from the best heart specialist in Chennai if your heart diseases or disorders lead to more complex complications. It is essential to check with the best Cardiothoracic Surgeon in Chennai like Dr Kathiresan from MK Heart Clinic to diagnose and detect the exact cause of the heart disease.
In some cases, there will be different types of doctor like a gastroenterologist or pulmonologist to treat the heart patients depending on the condition.
Types of Procedures Performed by Cardiothoracic Surgeon
The best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai treats conditions relating to the heart, lungs, and oesophagus. They also work closely with other members of the healthcare team such as cardiologists, pulmonologists, and gastroenterologists to provide comprehensive care for patients. Some common procedures performed include:
Biopsy/ Triple Bypass Procedure
When it comes to cardiac surgery, one of the most common procedures is a biopsy. This is typically performed by the heart specialist in Chennai when there is a suspicion of heart disease, or when someone has had a heart attack. A biopsy involves taking a small sample of tissue from the heart to be examined under a microscope.
Another common procedure is a triple bypass. This is usually necessary for a patient who has three blocked arteries. The best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai will create bypasses around the blocked arteries using veins or artificial grafts. The procedure can be very complex, so it’s important to have a skilled and experienced surgeon.
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)
In this cardiothoracic procedure, arteries or veins from anywhere in the body are grafted to the coronary arteries to relieve angina and reduce the chance of death from coronary artery disease. The grafts bypass improves blood supply to the heart muscle.
This can be lifesaving for patients who are not suitable for percutaneous catheter techniques (coronary stenting and angioplasty) or continued medical therapy. The best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai may also perform minimally invasive and no heart-lung bypass machine (off pump) procedures.
Mitral and Aortic Valve Repair and Replacement
The best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai like Dr Kathiresan is highly skilled at repairing blocked or leaking heart valves. The first choice is to preserve native valve, but when a patient’s heart valve is damaged too badly, mechanical or tissue prostheses (including the implantation of human donor tissue) are used.
These minimally invasive valve repair techniques involve 2–3-inch incisions rather than a major chest incision. This approach is recommended by the best cardiologist in Chennai with a minimally invasive approach to reduce the risk of infection, blood loss and faster recovery times.
Radiofrequency Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation is common but an abnormal heart rhythm can lead to irregular heartbeats. If left untreated, patients are at great risk for stroke. While some patients are treated by the best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai with catheter procedures or medications, others are resistant to these interventions.
But minimally invasive surgery with small incisions is performed in order to direct radiofrequency on the surface of the heart, creating precise scar lines in blocking the erratic electrical impulses that cause irregular heartbeat.
Cardiac Support Devices
For some patients, the best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai may sometimes install external devices to maintain blood circulation either before or after surgery. The tandem heart implantable pump is also used in patients who undergo high-risk percutaneous coronary interventions.
This small, semi-portable device is placed in an artery through the groin or during the time of open-heart surgery. These implantable devices are in different stages of development and trials, but they are shown to provide temporary support of heart function and are mostly life-saving.
The Best Cardiothoracic Surgeon in Chennai
If you want to check whether you need to undergo the cardiothoracic surgery, you can consult with the best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai like Dr. M. Kathiresan at MK Heart Clinic as he will be the right choice to provide you with a detailed explanation regarding your heart condition and treatment procedures.
Moreover, he has a vast expertise of about two decades in the medical field of Cardiology to handle all types of primary and complex issues relating to the heart compared to other best cardiac surgeon in Chennai.
There are different cutting-edge treatments for several types of heart diseases and disorders. If you or your close ones are looking for the best cardiothoracic surgeon in Chennai, you can seek Dr. M. Kathiresan at MK Heart Clinic. He offers specialized heart care treatments to ensure that you get the best possible care from a multidisciplinary team of experts.
Read also Best Foods for A Healthy Heart.