Exploring Heart Valve Repair and Replacement Surgery 

Heart valve diseases can significantly impact the heart’s functionality and overall well-being. 

Fortunately, medical advancements have paved the way for effective treatments, including heart valve repair and heart valve replacement surgery. 

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Heart valves are essential for maintaining the unidirectional flow of blood within the heart. There are four valves in the heart: the aortic valve, tricuspid valve, mitral valve, and pulmonary valve. 

Understanding Heart Valve Diseases 

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The common causes of heart valve disorders that require heart valve replacement surgery include: * Age-Related Degeneration. * Congenital Defects. * Infections * Rheumatic Fever. * Endocarditis

Common Causes of Heart Valve Diseases 

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Heart valve replacement surgery is considered when the valve’s dysfunction severely affects the heart’s ability to pump blood efficiently or causes debilitating symptoms. * Severe Symptomatic Stenosis. * Severe Regurgitation. * Heart Failure. * Recurrent Infection.

Indications of Heart Valve Disease 

Heart valve repair aims to restore the valve’s normal function while preserving its native tissue. This approach is preferred when feasible, as it maintains the natural structure of the heart. * Valvuloplasty * Annuloplasty

Heart Valve Repair 

In cases where repair is impossible, heart valve replacement surgery becomes necessary. * Mechanical Valves. * Biological Valve.

Heart Valve Replacement 

Heart valve replacement surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia and involves accessing the heart through an incision in the chest.

Surgery Procedure and Recovery 

Following heart valve replacement surgery, patients often experience a significant improvement in their quality of life. 

Outlook and Lifestyle Changes 

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To conclude, heart valve repair and replacement surgeries have revolutionized the treatment of heart valve diseases.  


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